þurs

Old NorseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *þursaz, *þurisaz (giant, name of the Þ-rune), from Proto-Indo-European *tur-, *twer- (to rotate, twirl, swirl, move). Cognate with Old English þyrs, Old Saxon thuris, Old High German durs, duris.

PronunciationEdit

  • (12th century Icelandic) IPA(key): /ˈθurs/

NounEdit

þurs m (genitive þurs, plural þursar)

  1. (Norse mythology) a giant, ogre, monster
    • Vǫluspá, verse 8, lines 5-6, in 1860, T. Möbius, Edda Sæmundar hins fróða: mit einem Anhang zum Theil bisher ungedruckter Gedichte. Leipzig, page 2:
      [] unz þrjár kvámu / þursa meyjar []
      [] until three came / giant-maidens []
  2. a dunce, numskull
    • Heilræðavísur, in 1933, H. Pétursson, Heilræði Hallgríms Péturssonar:
      [] en þursinn heimskr þegja hlýtr, []
      [] but dunces stupid silent must be, []
  3. the name of the Þ-rune

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Norwegian: tuss m, tusse m

ReferencesEdit

  • þurs in An Icelandic-English Dictionary, R. Cleasby and G. Vigfússon, Clarendon Press, 1874, at Internet Archive.
  • þurs in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.
Last modified on 4 April 2014, at 03:50