See also: est, Est, EST, Est., -est, and êst

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *ēs-ti, from Proto-Indo-European *ed-, *ēd-, *h₁ed- (to eat). Cognates include Lithuanian ė́sti (to eat (of animals), to swallow, to gobble), Old Prussian īst (< *ēst), īstwei, Sudovian ezd ([ēzd]) (< *ēst), Proto-Slavic *ěsti (Old Church Slavonic ꙗсти (jasti), Russian есть (jestʹ), Belarusian есці (ésci), Ukrainian їсти (jísty), Bulgarian ям (jam), Czech jísti, Polish jeść), Gothic 𐌹𐍄𐌰𐌽 (itan), 𐌰𐍆𐌴𐍄𐌾𐌰 (af-etja, eater), Old Norse eta, German essen, English eat, Hittite ed-, ad-, Sanskrit अत्ति (átti, he eats), अद्मि (ádmi, I eat), Ancient Greek ἔδω, Latin edō.[1]

PronunciationEdit

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

VerbEdit

ēst tr., 1st conj., pres. ēdu, ēd, ēd, past ēdu

  1. to eat (to take food into one's mouth in order to chew and swallow it)
    ēst maizi, gaļu — to eat bread, meat
    ēst kartupeļus, zupu — to eat potatoes, soup
    aicināt ēst — to invite to eat
    man gribas ēst — I want to eat (= I am hungry)
    pat saldējumu viņa ēda pavisam savādāk nekā citas meitenes — even ice cream she ate quite differently from the other girls
    pie galda sasēdušies, visi ēda klusu — having sat at the table, they all ate silently
  2. to eat, to have (to consume a meal)
    ēst brokastis, pusdienas — to have breakfast, lunch
    ēst launagu — to have a snack
    viņi varēja iet rotaļas... un pēcāk visi kopā ēst vakariņas — they could go play... and later on all together have dinner
  3. (colloquial, of insects) to sting, to bite
    kad saules karstums kļuva neciešams, dunduri un odi ēda viņu kailās muguras — when the sun heat became unbearable, the horseflies and mosquitoes ate their naked backs
  4. (of pests) to eat, to kill, to destroy
    dārzā spradži ēda kapostus nost — in the garden, the flea-beetles ate the cabbages away
  5. (colloquial, of chemical or mechanical processes) to eat, to destroy; to make disappear
    rūsa ēd dzelzi — rust eats iron
    skābe ēd metālu — acid eats metal
    saule Bišudruvu dārzā un sētā ēda un kausēja sniegu dienās, migla siltajās naktīs — in the garden and backyard of the Bišudruvu (family), the sun ate and melted the snow during the day, and the fog (did the same) in the warm nights
  6. (colloquial) to nag, to harass, to criticize constantly, to cause pain to
    labi, ka virtuvē nebija saimnieces; tā viņu vienmēr ēda kā par veco kannu, kā par sarūsējušo mazgājamo bļodu — good that the landlady was not in the kitchen; she always nagged/harassed (lit ate) him like an old pot, like a rusty wash basin
    māte gan prot sabojāt garastāvokli... ko viņa mani nav ēdusi šo nelaimīgu matu dēļ! — mother really knows how to spoil the mood... what (= how often) hasn't she nagged/harassed me about that damn hair!

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
  • aizēst
  • apēst
  • ieēst
  • izēst
  • noēst
  • paēst
  • pieēst
  • saēst
  • uzēst
other derived terms:

Related termsEdit

  • ēsma

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “ēst” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 13 January 2014, at 21:54