šūt

See also: sut, SUT, süt, and sût

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *syū-t(e)i, from Proto-Indo-European *syū-, *syu- (< *syuh₁-) “to bind, to tie,” whence also Latvian siet (to bind). A historical connection between the meanings “to tie, to bind” and “to sew” is also found elsewhere (cf. Sanskrit सीव्यति (sī́vyati, to sew), which has an older meaning “link, bond.”) Cognates include Lithuanian siū́ti, Old Prussian schuwikis (cobbler, lit. shoe-sewer), Old Church Slavonic шити (šiti), Russian шить (šit’), Belarusian шыць (šyc’), Ukrainian шити (šýty), Bulgarian шия (šija), Czech šíti, Polish szyć, Gothic 𐍃𐌹𐌿𐌾𐌰𐌽 (siujan), Old Norse sýja, Old High German siuwan, Sanskrit स्यूतः (syūtaḥ), Latin suō.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

šūt tr., 1st conj., pres. šuju, šuj, šuj, past šuvu

  1. to sew (to join pieces of fabric together by passing thread repeatedly on them with the help of a needle)
    šūt audekla gabalus — to sew pieces of fabric
    šūt uzvalku, kažoku — to sew a suit, a coat
    šūt zābakus — to sew boots
    šūt pārvalku — to sew a hood
    šūt piedurkni — to sew a sleeve
    šūt vīli — to sew the seam
    šūt ar adatu — to sew with a needle
    šūt ar (šuj)mašīnu — to sew with a (sewing) machine
    viņa bija kailu galvu, moderni šūtā mētelī — she was in a modern(ly) sewn coat without a hood
    māte to šuva atkal un atkal, un tā ira atkal un atkal — mother sewed it (= coat) again and again, and it unraveled again and again
  2. (medicine) to sew (to close (e.g., a wound) or to link organs, tissues, etc., with a special threadlike material)
    mūsu mikroķirurģijas centros gandrīz vai ik dienas veic vairāk vai mazāk sarežģītas operācijas, šuj asinsvadus un nervus — almost every day, in our microsurgery centers, more or less complicated operations are carried out, blood vessels and nerves are sewn
  3. (metallurgy) to (seam-)weld (to join, e.g. metal sheets, parts, etc., with special techniques that create a connecting edge between the joined elements)
    šūt skārda loksnes — to weld tin sheets
    Ebars metināja, šuva garu šuvi... šodien vajadzētu savienot vismaz sešās vietās šo četrcollīgo cauruli — Ebars was welding, welding a long seam... today it would be necessary to connect this 4-inch pipe in at least six places

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
  • aizšūt
  • apšūt
  • atšūt
  • iešūt
  • izšūt
  • nošūt
  • pašūt
  • pāršūt
  • piešūt
  • sašūt
  • uzšūt
other derived terms:
  • šuve
  • šuvējs, šuvēja
  • šuveklis

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “šūt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 19 February 2014, at 23:26