Last modified on 20 August 2013, at 17:52

καταλύω

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From κατά + λύω

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

καταλύω

  1. I destroy
    καὶ τὴν ὑμετέραν καταλῦσαι δύναμιν (Isocrates, De bigis, 40.8-9)
    to destroy our (city's) might
  2. I abolish, I do away with
    Αὐτοὶ γὰρ ἡμεῖς δὶς ἤδη τὴν δημοκρατίαν ἐπείδομεν καταλυθεῖσαν καὶ δὶς τῆς ἐλευθερίας ἀπεστερήθημεν (Isocrates, In Lochitem, 10.2-4)
    twice we ourselves have already seen our democracy abolished and twice we have lost our freedom
  3. I deprive someone of their authority
    τοὺς τυράννους καταλύσας͵ καὶ τοὺς βαρβάρους καταπολεμήσας (Plutarchus, Timoleon, 39.5)
    having overthrown the tyrants and fought the barbarians
  4. I put an end to something
    καταλῦσαι τὸν βίον (to die)
  5. (for animals) I unyoke, I unharness
    ἄλλ' εἴπ', ἤ σφωιν καταλύσομεν ὠκέας ἵππους (Homer, Od., 4.28)
    but, tell us, shall we unharness their fast horses?
  6. I take down something hung or someone hanged
    Τῶν ἀπαγχομένων καὶ καταλυομένων͵ μηδέπω δὲ τεθνηκότων ... (Hippocrates, Aphorismoi)
    about those who were hanged and taken down but have not died
  7. I stay somewhere for one night, I find a lodgement
    (Θεμιστοκλῆς) ἀναγκάζεται κατά τι ἄπορον παρὰ Ἄδμητον τὸν Μολοσσῶν βασιλέα ὄντα αὐτῷ οὐ φίλον καταλῦσαι (Thucydides Hist., 1.136)
    (Themistocles) being in a difficult position had to seek shelter from Admetos, the king of Molossi, though the latter was not a friend of his

GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek καταλύω, from κατά + λύω

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

καταλύω (katalýo)    simple past:  κατέλυσα (katélysa)

  1. I abolish, I break down
  2. I stay (usually for one night)
  3. (chemistry) I catalyse
  4. (religious terminology) I eat a specific food during a religious celebration or fast

Derived termsEdit