ξηρός

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *kseros. Cognates include Latin serescō, Old High German serawēn, Old Armenian չոր (čʿor), Middle Armenian չիր (čʿir) and perhaps Sanskrit क्षार (kṣārá, sharp, acrid, pungent). However, the lengthened vowel η where we would expect ε is problematic.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ξηρός (ksērosm, ξηρά f, ξηρόν n; first/second declension

  1. dry
  2. The effects of being without water: parched, withered
  3. By extension: shrunken, paralyzed, lean
  4. (voice) rough, hoarse
  5. fasting

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • ξηρότης (ksērotēs)
  • ξηραίνω (ksērainō)

ReferencesEdit


GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ξηρός (xirósm,  feminine: ξηρή (xirí) or ξηρά (xirá), neuter: ξηρό (xiró)

  1. (literary) dry, dried, arid
    το κλίμα είναι πολύ ξηρό (the climate is very dry)
  2. (literary) dry, not sweet
    ξηρός οίνος (dry wine)
    ξηρό κρασί (dry wine)

Usage notesEdit

  • The use of this form is restricted to special terms, such as those listed below under Derived terms.

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

see: ξερός (xerós)

Derived termsEdit

  • ξηρό κλίμα n (xiró klíma, dry climate)
  • αποξηραμένος (apoxiraménos, dried, desiccated)
  • ξηρή ατμόσφαιρα f (xirí atmósfaira, dry atmosphere)
  • ξηρές σταφίδες f pl (xirés stafídes, currants)
  • ξηρά στήλη f (xirá stíli)
  • ξηρά τροφή f (xirá trofí, dry food, dried food)
  • ξηρό στοιχείο n (xiró stoicheío, dry cell)
  • ξηροί καρποί m pl (xiroí karpoí, dried fruit, dried nuts)
  • ξηρός οίνος m (xirós oínos, dry wine)
  • ξηρό κρασί n (xiró krasí, dry wine)
  • ξηρός πάγος m (xirós págos, dry ice)
Last modified on 10 April 2014, at 19:01