πρῶτος

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • πρᾶτος (pratos) (Doric)

EtymologyEdit

Traditionally held to be the superlative of πρό (pro, before) (compare πρότερος (proteros)), but it is unclear how such a contraction would come about. Could also be from a Proto-Indo-European *pr̥H-, with cognates including Lithuanian pirmas, Sanskrit पूर्व (pūrva), and Avestan 𐬞𐬀𐬎𐬭𐬬𐬀 (paurva). In both cases, the ω and α forms are difficult to reconcile.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

πρῶτος (prōtosm, πρώτη f, πρῶτον n; first/second declension

  1. (ordinal) first, cardinal counterpart is εἷς
  2. earliest
  3. foremost, most prominent
  4. (mathematics) prime

InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

Last modified on 13 August 2013, at 14:05