Last modified on 15 December 2014, at 00:04

горелка

BulgarianEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From the verb горя (gorja, burn).

NounEdit

горелка (gorélkaf

  1. gas burner

InflectionEdit


RussianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

горе́лка (gorélkaf inan

  1. burner (of a gas range, heater or light using liquid or gas fuel).
  2. The nozzle of a welding torch.
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Ukrainian горілка (horílka). Compare Russian гореть (gorét’, to burn), Ukrainian горіти (horíty, to burn).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

горе́лка (gorélkaf inan

  1. (South Russia) vodka, usually in a Ukrainian context.
    • 1835, Nikolai Gogol, Тарас Бульба (Taras Bulʹba).
      ... да горелки побольше, не с выдумками горелки, не с изюмом и всякими вытребеньками, а чистой пенной горелки, чтоб играла и шипела, как бешеная.
      ... and more gorelka, not with fantasies of gorelka, not with raisins and all kinds of frippery, but clean foaming gorelka, to sparkle and hiss like crazy.
DeclensionEdit
Usage notesEdit

Used in place of the synonym водка (vodka) to allude to Ukrainian village custom.

ReferencesEdit
  • Natalia M. Kolb-Seletski, “Gastronomy, Gogol, and His Fiction”, in Slavic Review, vol 29, no 1 (March 1970), p 38.: “These traditional Ukrainian dishes—like the Ukrainisms (kavun, horilka, tsybulia, bublyk) that have their Russian equivalents—are mentioned to provide local color.”