Last modified on 18 June 2014, at 00:10

замок

MacedonianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

замок (zamokm

  1. castle

RussianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Polish zamek, which is a calque via Czech zámek of Middle High German sloz (lock, keep), which, in turn, is a calque of Latin clūsa (lock, fort, fortification). Attested from the 17th century. Related to замыкать (zamykatʹ) (замкнуть (zamknutʹ)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

за́мок (zámokm inan

  1. castle
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the verb замыкать (zamykatʹ, to close), from за- (za-) + -мкнуть, related to Old East Slavic промъкнѫти сѧ (promŭknǫti sę, to dash past, propagate, be carried) and Old Church Slavonic мъкнѫти сѧ (mŭknǫti sę, transpire). Cognate with Ukrainian замкнути (zamknuty), Belarusian мкнуць (mknucʹ), Bulgarian мъкна (mǎkna, pull out), Serbo-Croatian макнути (to move), Slovene makníti, Czech mknouti, Slovak mknúť, Polish mknąć (to move, push, encourage), whence Russian мчать (mčatʹ). Related to Lithuanian mùkti, munkù, mukaũ (be released, escape), Latvian mukt (knock off, slip).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

замо́к (zamókm inan

  1. lock
    америка́нский замо́кspringlock
    англи́йский замо́кpatent lock
    на замке́under lock and key
    под замко́мunder lock and key
See alsoEdit
DeclensionEdit

UkrainianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

за́мок (zámokm inan (genitive за́мку, nominative plural за́мки)

  1. castle
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

замо́к (zamókm inan (genitive замка́, nominative plural замки́)

  1. lock
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • замок” in Ivan Bilodid (editor-in-chief) (1970–1980), Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Dictionary of the Ukrainian language], in 11 vols, Kiev: Naukova Dumka