карандаш

RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

In Russian from the 16–17th centuries. Borrowing from a Turkic language. Compare Turkish karataş (black slate), composed of kara (black) + taş (stone), Tatar кара таш (qara taş, graphite, black lead). The origin of epenthetic -н- (-n-) is unclear. Perhaps it was added in colloquial Russian speech to ease the pronunciation. Compare каланча (kalanča) for the same epenthesis.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

каранда́ш (karandášm inan (genitive карандаша́, nominative plural карандаши́)

  1. pencil

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • карандаш” in Max Vasmer (1986), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkogo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 4 vols (second edition), Moscow: Progress — Translated from German and supplemented by O. N. Trubačóv, volume 2, page 192
  • карандаш” in Pavel Černyx (1999), Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkogo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language], in 2 vols (3rd ed.), Moscow: Publishing House "Russian Language", volume 1, page 379
  • “карандаш” in Aleksandr Šapošnikov (2010), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ sovremennogo russkogo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of Contemporary Russian Language], in 2 vols, Moscow: Flinta; Nauka, volume 1, page 379
Last modified on 18 April 2014, at 21:59