Last modified on 5 December 2014, at 12:01

собака

RussianEdit

Russian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ru

Собака

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably from an Iranian language. What makes Russian sobaka so crucial is that it occurs only in the Median language in a closer or identical form.[1] In the mid-5th century BCE, Herodotus (Histories 1.110) wrote that σπάκα (spaka) was the Median word for a female dog. Alternatively, it may come from a Turkic language via k < s dialectical change;[2] compare Turkish köpek. Turkic probably had both forms, *kopak(V) and *sopak(V).[1] Trubachev offers a similar k ~ s sound shifting case for Russian сорок.[3]

NounEdit

соба́ка (sobákaf anim (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки)

  1. dog
    сторожевая собака (storoževája sobáka)
    watchdog
    дворовая собака (dvoróvaja sobáka)
    curr, mongrel, mutt
    Вот где собака зарыта!
    Now I see it!
    Его каждая собака знает
    Everyone knows him.
    голодный как собака
    as hungry as a dog; wolfish, rapacious
    замёрзнуть как собака
    to be chilled to the marrow
    злой как собака
    mad as hell
    нужный как собаке пятая нога
    need like a hole in the head
    собака на сене
    dog in the manger
    собаку съесть
    to know something inside out
    устать как собака
    to be dog-tired
  2. hound
    собака-ищейка (sobáka-iščéjka)
    bloodhound
  3. (pejorative) mongrel; bastard
  4. (Internet) @ (at sign)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Karatay (2009), in Journal of Eurasian Studies, Volume I., Issue 3. Page 49.
  2. ^ Trubachev, in Vasmer III, 1987: 702-3
  3. ^ Trubachev, in Vasmer III, 1987: 723.

See alsoEdit


UkrainianEdit

Ukrainian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia uk

собака

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

соба́ка (sobákaf anim (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки)

  1. dog (animal)

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

соба́ка (sobákaf anim (genitive соба́ки, nominative plural соба́ки)

  1. (figuratively, pejorative) scoundrel, detestable person

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • собака” in Ivan Bilodid (editor-in-chief) (1970–1980), Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Dictionary of the Ukrainian language], in 11 vols, Kiev: Naukova Dumka