Last modified on 1 July 2014, at 11:50

чёрный

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *čьrnъ, from Proto-Indo-European *kr̥snós (black). Cognates include Old Church Slavonic чрънъ (črŭnŭ, black), Bulgarian черен (čeren), Serbo-Croatian црн/crn, Slovene črn, Slovak čierny; Norwegian and Swedish harr (grayling), Sanskrit कृष्ण (kṛṣṇa), Old Prussian kirsnan (black).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

чёрный (čórnyj)

  1. black
  2. rough, coarse
  3. back (stairs, entrance, etc.)
  4. (labor) unskilled, manual
  5. (metal) ferrous
    на чёрный деньna čórnyj denʹ ― for a rainy day
    чёрным по бе́ломуčórnym po bélomu ― in black and white
    чёрное де́ревоčórnoje dérevo ― ebony
    чёрная доска́čórnaja doská ― blackboard
    чёрная металлу́ргияčórnaja metallúrgija ― iron and steel industry

NounEdit

чёрный (čórnyjm anim

  1. black (man)
  2. (offensive) a non-white immigrant

SynonymsEdit

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit