Last modified on 27 May 2014, at 19:31

աստուած

Old ArmenianEdit

The word Աստուած (Astuac, God) abbreviated. Only the first and the last letters are written, under the Armenian abbreviation mark.

EtymologyEdit

The origin is uncertain. Nicholas Marr connected the word with the name of the chief Phrygian god Σαβάζιος (Sabázios, Sabazios). This is accepted by Ačaṙyan, but considered untenable by J̌ahukyan on phonetic grounds.

According to J̌ahukyan two etymologies are the most probable:

NounEdit

աստուած (astuac

  1. pagan god
  2. (capitalized, not used in plural form) God of Christianity
    արար Ած՟ զաշխարհս յանգոյիցarar Ac. zašxarhs yangoyicʿ ― God created the world from nothing
    տալ փառս Այ՟tal pʿaṙs Ay. ― to glorify God, to give or render glory to God, to thank God
    ի պատկեր Այ՟i patker Ay. ― in the image of God

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

In the sense of “God” the word was always abbreviated: see the picture above.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • աստուած in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • աստուած in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • աստուած in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • աստուած in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5