Last modified on 24 September 2014, at 03:01

بارود

ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain. Not a Classical Arabic word. Possible etymologies:

  • From برود (barūd, a soothing collyrium (kuhl) used for inflammation of the eye; any powdery collyrium). The sound change a > ā has also been found in the words غاسول (ḡāsūl) and فاسوخ (fāsūx) in Maghrebi Arabic; see Colin (page 1057a) for more discussion.
  • Via Aramaic from Armenian վառօդ (vaṙōd, gunpowder), but according to Ačaṙyan the latter is a reshaping of բարութ (barutʿ) by popular etymology as վառ (vaṙ, burning) + օդ (ōd, air) and its earliest attestation is in the 18th century.

NounEdit

بَارُود (bārūdm

  1. saltpetre
  2. gunpowder

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • G. S. Colin, "Bārūd", Encyclopaedia of Islam, vol. 1, A-B, Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1986, ISBN 90-04-08114-3, pages 1055–1057
  • Lazarʹ Budagov (1869–1871), Sravnitelʹnyj slovarʹ turecko-tatarskix narěčij [Comparative Dictionary of Turko-Tatar Dialects], Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, volume I, page 224a
  • բարութ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume I, page 428b

PersianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

بارود (bârud)

  1. (archaic) Alternative form of باروت.

UrduEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic بارود (bārūd).

NounEdit

بارود (bārūdfHindi spelling बारूद

  1. gunpowder