रथ

SanskritEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *Hroth₂os (car), a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *Hroteh₂ (wheel). Cognates include Latin rota, Old Irish roth, Old High German rad and Lithuanian ratas.

NounEdit

रथ (rátham

  1. chariot, car, especially a two-wheeled war-chariot (lighter and swifter than the अनस् (anas)), any vehicle or equipage or carriage (applied also to the vehicles of the gods), waggon, cart
  2. warrior, hero, champion
  3. the body
  4. limb, member, part
  5. Calamus rotang, a rattan palm.
  6. Dalbergia ougeinensis, blackwood
  7. = पौरुष (pauruṣa)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From verbal root रमते (√ram, to delight, be glad, rejoice etc.).

NounEdit

रथ (ratham

  1. pleasure, joy, delight (compare मनोरथ (mano-ratha))
  2. affection, love
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 0865
Last modified on 15 December 2013, at 05:11