वैडूर्य

SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

Traditionally explained (Pāṇini, Aṣṭādhyāyī, 4.3.84) as mineral being named after the city of Vidūra (from [script?] (Vidūrāt syaḥ)). The Sanskrit word is a derivation of Pali [script?] (veḷuriya, beryl), itself a Dravidian borrowing, an adjectival form of [script?] (vēḷur, white town) - compare Telugu వెలి (veli, white) and ఊరు (ūru, town). Vēḷur (modern-day Bēlūr) was the beryl mining capital city known as Vidūra to Pāṇini. The original meaning of the South Indian word was "white crystals of quartz and beryl" (preserved in Arabic and Persian borrowing), and later "colored (blue and green) beryl", as retained in Pali and Sanskrit.

NounEdit

वैडूर्य (vaiḍūryan, m

  1. cat's-eye (AdbhB., MBh., Kāv. etc.)
    (at the end of a compound) a jewel, or "anything excellent of its kind"
  2. Name of a mountain (also वैडूर्यपर्वत (vaiḍūrya-parvata)) (MBh., VarBṛS. etc.)

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Pali: veḷuriya
    • → Sanskrit: वैडूर्य (vaiḍūrya)
    • Prakrit verulia- (metathesized)
    • → Middle Persian: bylwl (Book Pahlavi) / bylwr (Manichean) (bēlūr, "crystal")
      • Persian: بلور (bilūr, bulūr, (white) crystal)
        • → Arabic: بلور (billaur, (white) crystal)
          • → Middle Armenian: պլօր (plōr), պիլօր (pilōr)
          • → Ottoman Turkish: بلور (billûr)
    • → (Late) Old Chinese: 流離 (> 璧琉璃), 琉璃 (*ru rel > lɨu liᴇ)
      (later also) 瑠璃, 璢璃 (lɨu liᴇ)
      (from Sanskrit) 吠瑠璃 (bʉɐiH lɨu liᴇ), 毗琉璃, 毘瑠璃 (biɪ lɨu liᴇ), 鞞頭梨 (piᴇ dəu liɪ), 鞞稠梨夜 (piᴇ ɖɨu liɪ jiaH)

ReferencesEdit

Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 17:11