Last modified on 28 May 2014, at 01:57

श्याम

SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₁mós (black, dark). Cognate with [script?] Avestan [script?] (sāma-, black) and Lithuanian šė̃mas (blue-grey). From the same Proto-Indo-European root also श्याव (śyāva, dark-brown, brown, dark-coloured, dark) (from Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₁wós (black, dark)).

AdjectiveEdit

श्याम (śyāmá)

  1. black, dark-coloured, dark blue or brown or grey or green, sable, having a dark or swarthy complexion (considered a mark of beauty) (AV. etc.)

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

श्याम (śyāmám

  1. black or blue or green (the colour) (L.)
  2. cloud (L.)
  3. the Kokila or Indian cuckoo (L.)
  4. black bull (TS.)
  5. name of various plants (fragrant grass; thorn-apple; Artemisia indica; Careya arborea etc.) (L.)
  6. (music) a particular राग (rāga) (Saṃgīt.)
  7. name of a son of शूर (śūra) and brother of वसुदेव (vasudeva) (Hariv., VP.)
  8. name of a modern prince (Cat.)
  9. name of a mountain (MBh.)
  10. name of a sacred fig-tree at प्रयाग (prayāga) or Allahabad (R., Ragh., Uttarar.)
  11. (in the plural) name of a Vedic school (a subdivision of the मैत्रायणीय (maitrāyaṇīya))

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

श्याम (śyāmán

  1. black pepper (L.)
  2. sea-salt (L.)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 1094