ἀδάμας

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

Often derived from ἀ- (a-, not) + δαμάω (damaō, conquer), as “indomitable”, but Beekes remarks that semantically this is strange and the word is rather a Semitic borrowing that was adapted by folk etymology; compare Akkadian [script?] (adamu) or 𒋤𒉘 (elmēšu [SUD.ÁG], a valuable stone, perhaps amber). Middle Persian ʾlmʾs (almās) is probably from the same source.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ἀδάμας (adamasm, ἀδάμας f, ? n; third declension

  1. unconquerable
    1. (masculine substantive) adamant, the hardest metal (probably steel)
      1. (figuratively) fixed, unalterable
      2. a hard metal resembling gold
      3. diamond
    2. not to be broken, inflexible

NounEdit

ἀδάμας (adamas) (genitive ἀδάμαντος) m, third declension

  1. adamant
  2. diamond

InflectionEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • LSJ eighth edition
  • Robert S. P. Beekes (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, volume I, page 19
  • Petar Skok (1971), Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika, Zagreb: JAZU, volume I, pages 8–9
Last modified on 6 February 2014, at 16:32