Last modified on 9 September 2013, at 12:42

らむ

JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

The final -mu is cognate with conjectural mu.

ParticleEdit

らむ (romaji ramu)

  1. conjecture about a presently occurring situation that the speaker has no direct knowledge about
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 1, poem #4)
      玉剋春 内乃大野尓 馬数而 朝布麻須等六 其草深野
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 1, poem #40)
      鳴呼見乃浦尓 船乗為良武 𡢳嬬等之 珠裳乃須十二 四宝三都良武香
  2. conjecture about the cause or reason of a presently occurring situation that is directly observed by the speaker
  3. hearsay based on things heard or read

ConjugationEdit

Attaches to the Conclusive. Incomplete quadrigrade:

Irrealis Adverbial Conclusive Attributive Realis Imperative
ram- u u e

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit