Last modified on 19 January 2015, at 02:30

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + 

Han characterEdit

(radical 149 +12, 19 strokes, cangjie input 女火卜口火 (VFYRF), composition⺯)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (䜌), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 桓
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 落官切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/luɑn/ /luɑn/ /luɑn/ /lʷɑn/ /lwan/ /luɑn/ /luɑn/
Character (䜌), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 呂員切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liuᴇn/ /li̯wɛn/ /liuɛn/ /lʷiɛn/ /lwian/ /lĭwɛn/ /ljuæn/
Character (䜌), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 力卷切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liuᴇnH/ /li̯wɛnH/ /liuɛnH/ /lʷiɛnH/ /lwianH/ /lĭwɛnH/ /ljuænH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
luán ‹ lwan › /*mə.rˤo[n]/ harness bells

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (ancient form) chaos
  2. distraction
  3. confusion, confused
  4. continuous, uninterrupted
  5. to tie together, to manage

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ryeon, yeon) (hangeul , , revised ryeon, yeon, McCune-Reischauer ryŏn, yŏn, Yale lyen, yen)

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