Last modified on 14 August 2014, at 00:51

三十

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (三十, reconstructed)
Character (三), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 談
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 蘇甘切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑm/ /sɑm/ /sɑm/ /sɑm/ /sam/ /sɑm/ /sɑm/
Character (十), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 緝
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 是執切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiɪp̚/ /ʑi̯əp̚/ /ʑiəp̚/ /d͡ʑip̚/ /d͡ʑip̚/ /ʑĭĕp̚/ /d͡ʑjep̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (三十, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sān ‹ sam › /*s.rum (*s.r- > s-; infl. by 四 *s-?)/ three
shí ‹ dzyip › /*t.[g]əәp/ ten

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10963 3 /*suːm/
11452 3 /*ɡjub/

NumeralEdit

三十

  1. thirty

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this word

NounEdit

三十 (samsip) (hangeul 삼십)

  1. Hanja form? of 삼십.

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1

Grade: 1
kun'yomi
Kanji in this term
さん
Grade: 1
じゅう
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Etymology 1Edit

/mi1so1/ → /miso/. Compound of mi (three) and so (ten).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

三十 (hiragana みそ, romaji miso)

  1. thirty

Etymology 2Edit

Compound of miso (thirty) and suffix chi.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

三十 (hiragana みそち, romaji misochi)

  1. thirty
  2. thirty years of age
Derived termsEdit
  • 三十 (misoji)

Etymology 3Edit

/misodi/ → /misozi/. From earlier misochi. Final -chi voices in compounding.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

三十 (hiragana みそじ, romaji misoji, historical hiragana みそぢ)

  1. thirty
  2. thirty years of age

Etymology 4Edit

/sanzihu/: */sanzipu/ → /sanziɸu/ → */sanziwu/ → /sanziu/ → /sanzyuː/. Compound of san (three) and (ten).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

三十 (hiragana さんじゅう, romaji sanjū, historical hiragana さんじふ)

  1. thirty

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

三十

  1. Hán tự form of tam thập, "thirty"