Last modified on 21 October 2014, at 18:46
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
上-order.gif
Stroke order
上-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

上 in its shell and bone form is an ideogram (指事) that shows the concept of up by showing one line above another (contrast ). The shell and bone form evolved into 上, the character used today.

上 上 上 上
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 1 +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 卜一 (YM), four-corner 21100, composition)

  1. (prep) above, over
  2. (adj) last, former, prior
  3. (adj) above, higher
  4. (v) go up, send up

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 76, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13
  • Dae Jaweon: page 145, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 5, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4E0A

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (上), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 時掌切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨɐŋX/ /ʑi̯aŋX/ /ʑiaŋX/ /d͡ʑiɐŋX/ /d͡ʑɨaŋX/ /ʑĭaŋX/ /d͡ʑiɑŋX/
Character (上), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 時亮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨɐŋH/ /ʑi̯aŋH/ /ʑiaŋH/ /d͡ʑiɐŋH/ /d͡ʑɨaŋH/ /ʑĭaŋH/ /d͡ʑiɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shàng ‹ dzyangX › /*Cəә-daŋʔ/ ascend
shàng ‹ dzyangX › /*m-daŋʔ/ to put up
shàng ‹ dzyangH › /*daŋʔ-s/ top, above (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11102 0 /*djaŋʔ/
11103 0 /*djaŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. on; above; upper
  2. preceding; previous; last
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]shàng nián [Pinyin] — last year
  3. first
  4. board; get on
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Qǐng shàng chē. [Pinyin]
      Please get into the car.
  5. go to; leave for
  6. to attend (class, work)
  7. (archaic) refering to the emperor

AntonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

upe → uɸe → uwe → ue.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana うえ, romaji ue, historical hiragana うへ)

  1. the above
  2. the top (position, or direction)
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

upa → uɸa → uwa.

NounEdit

(hiragana うわ, romaji uwa, historical hiragana うは)

  1. upper, over
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

/kami1/ *[kami] → /kami/ [kami].

NounEdit

(hiragana かみ, romaji kami)

  1. the start
  2. a high place; the top
  3. one with a high rank

Etymology 4Edit

/zyau/ → /zyoː/ [dʑoː]

NounEdit

(hiragana じょう, romaji , historical hiragana じやう)

  1. first volume in a two- or three-volume set
CompoundsEdit

SuffixEdit

(hiragana じょう, romaji -jō)

  1. from the standpoint of
  2. aboard (a plane or ship)
  3. above, in, on
CompoundsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sang, McCune-Reischauer: sang)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: wit, McCune-Reischauer: wit)
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ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thượng)

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