Last modified on 17 December 2014, at 00:35

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
业-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Simplified from

Han characterEdit

(radical 1 +4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 廿金 (TC), X廿金 (XTC), composition丨)

  1. profession, business
  2. GB radical 111

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (業), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 業
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 魚怯切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨɐp̚/ /ŋi̯ɐp̚/ /ŋiap̚/ /ŋiɐp̚/ /ŋɨap̚/ /ŋĭɐp̚/ /ŋiɐp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ngjaep › /*[m-qʰ](r)[a]p/ work (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14819 1 /*ŋab/

NounEdit

  1. trade, industry
  2. occupation, profession
  3. course of study
  4. cause, enterprise
  5. estate, property

AdverbEdit

  1. already

CompoundsEdit