Last modified on 16 December 2014, at 10:56

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 1 +5, 6 strokes, cangjie input 弓水一 (NEM), X弓水一 (XNEM), four-corner 17103, composition)

  1. assist, aid, rescue
  2. (archaic) a low-level assistant to the governor of a county

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 78, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40
  • Dae Jaweon: page 157, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 19, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4E1E

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (丞), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 蒸
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 署陵切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨŋ/ /ʑi̯əŋ/ /ʑiəŋ/ /d͡ʑɨŋ/ /d͡ʑiŋ/ /ʑĭəŋ/ /d͡ʑieŋ/
Character (丞), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 蒸
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 常證切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨŋH/ /ʑi̯əŋH/ /ʑiəŋH/ /d͡ʑɨŋH/ /d͡ʑiŋH/ /ʑĭəŋH/ /d͡ʑieŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chéng ‹ dzying › /*m-təәŋ/ assist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1414 0 /*ɡljɯŋ/ 拯之初文
1415 0 /*ɡljɯŋs/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. to help, to rescue

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(seung, jeung)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: seung, jeung, McCune-Reischauer: sŭng, chŭng)
  • Name (hangeul): 정승, 나아갈 (revised: jeongseung, naagal, McCune-Reischauer: chǒngsǔng, naagal)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit