Last modified on 16 December 2014, at 11:31

See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Simplified from ()

Han characterEdit

(radical 1 +7, 8 strokes, cangjie input 土金女 (GCV))

  1. mourning
  2. mourn
  3. funeral

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (喪), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 唐
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 息郎切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑŋ/ /sɑŋ/ /sɑŋ/ /sɑŋ/ /saŋ/ /sɑŋ/ /sɑŋ/
Character (喪), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 唐
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 蘇浪切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑŋH/ /sɑŋH/ /sɑŋH/ /sɑŋH/ /saŋH/ /sɑŋH/ /sɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sāng ‹ sang › /*s-mˤaŋ/ mourning, burial

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12660 0 /*smaːŋs/ 說文從亡亡亦聲,甲文借桑字金文始加亡