丸太

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 2

EtymologyEdit

Compound of (maru, circle; round) +‎ (ta, fat, here possibly emphasizing the roundness).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

丸太 (hiragana まるた, romaji maruta) (alternative reading hiragana まろた, romaji marota) (less common)

  1. a log: unsawn lumber (UK) or timber (US), a section of a tree cut to a length and with the bark removed, but otherwise round and unfinished
  2. alternate name for the 似鯉 (にごい, ​nigoi) fish (Hemibarbus barbus); more commonly known as ニゴイ (​nigoi)
  3. alternate name for the or 石斑魚 (うぐい, ​ugui) fish, Japanese dace (Tribolodon hakonensis); more commonly known as ウグイ (​ugui)
  4. (archaic, slang): during the Edo period, derogatory term for an unlicensed prostitute dressed as a Buddhist nun as a form of disguise from the authorities (from the way the shaven head looks a bit like a debarked log, and from the way that they both roll around)

Derived termsEdit

IdiomsEdit

  • 丸太に糠釘 (まるたにぬかくぎ, ​maruta ni nukakugi): “a tack into a log” → a metaphor for one's intentions or feelings not getting through to another person, much as a tack will not go through a log

SynonymsEdit

  • (log): 丸木 (まるき, ​maruki)
  • (log): 丸太ん棒 (まるたんぼう, ​marutanbō)
  • (Hemibarbus barbus): ニゴイ (​nigoi)
  • (Japanese dace): ウグイ (​ugui)

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
Last modified on 5 October 2013, at 12:39