Last modified on 21 December 2014, at 01:54

主人

ChineseEdit

 
to own; to host; master; lord; primary
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(主人)

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (主人, reconstructed)
Character (主), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 之庾切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕɨoX/ /t͡ɕi̯uX/ /t͡ɕioX/ /t͡ɕioX/ /cuə̆X/ /t͡ɕĭuX/ /t͡ɕioX/
Character (人), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 如鄰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪn/ /ȵʑi̯ĕn/ /ȵiĕn/ /ȵin/ /ȵin/ /ȵʑĭĕn/ /ȵʑjen/
Old Chinese pronunciation (主人, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhǔ ‹ tsyuX › /*toʔ/ master; host
rén ‹ nyin › /*ni[ŋ]/ (other) person

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17618 0 /*tjoʔ/
10800 1 /*njin/

NounEdit

主人

  1. master, owner
  2. host or hostess

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (主人):


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
しゅ
Grade: 3
じん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ɕʲɯᵝd͡ʑĩɴ]

NounEdit

主人 (hiragana しゅじん, romaji shujin)

  1. (humble) (one's own) husband (use ご主人 to refer to somebody else's husband)
  2. someone's master
  3. owner
  4. host or hostess

SynonymsEdit

  • (husband): (おっと, otto, "husband")

AntonymsEdit

  • (husband): (つま, tsuma, "wife"), 奥さん (おくさん, okusan, "another’s wife"), 家内 (かない, kanai, "one’s own wife")

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this word

NounEdit

主人 (ju-in) (hangeul 주인)

  1. Hanja form? of 주인, “master or owner; proprietor”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

主人

  1. Hán tự form of chủ nhân, "master or owner; proprietor"