Last modified on 17 December 2014, at 03:20

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
乱-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Simplified from (𤔔).

Han characterEdit

(radical 5 +6, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹口山 (HRU), four-corner 22610, composition)

  1. chaos, rebellion, uprising or revolt
  2. confused, be disordered; be disturbed

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 84, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 187
  • Dae Jaweon: page 171, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 53, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+4E71

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (亂), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 桓
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 郎段切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/luɑnH/ /luɑnH/ /luɑnH/ /lʷɑnH/ /lwanH/ /luɑnH/ /luɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
luàn ‹ lwanH › /*[r]ˤo[n]-s/ disorder, rebellion

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8645 3 /*roːns/

AdjectiveEdit

  1. in disorder, in a confusion
  2. confused

NounEdit

  1. disorder
  2. upheaval
  3. chaos
  4. riot
  5. turmoil
  6. unrest

VerbEdit

  1. to confuse
  2. to mix up
  3. to jumble

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
らん
Grade: 6
on'yomi

NounEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana らん, romaji ran)

  1. revolt, rebellion

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ran) (hangeul , revised ran, McCune-Reischauer ran)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(loạn)

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