Last modified on 17 December 2014, at 03:18

See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic 𤔔 + semantic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 5 +12, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月月山 (BBU), four-corner 22210, composition ⿰⿳)

  1. confusion, state of chaos
  2. create chaos, revolt
  3. riot
  4. war

Related charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 84, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 214
  • Dae Jaweon: page 173, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 57, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+4E82

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (亂), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 桓
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 郎段切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/luɑnH/ /luɑnH/ /luɑnH/ /lʷɑnH/ /lwanH/ /luɑnH/ /luɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
luàn ‹ lwanH › /*[r]ˤo[n]-s/ disorder, rebellion

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8645 3 /*roːns/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ran) (hangeul , revised ran, McCune-Reischauer ran)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(loạn, loàn)

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ReferencesEdit