Last modified on 29 July 2014, at 21:03
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
五-bw.png
Stroke order
五-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

One possibility is that 五 was originally written as five horizontal lines, similar to , , , and the obsolete (four), but in common writing the lines would blend together. Thus, two lines were turned vertical and the right one was shortened, to form one stroke with the middle horizontal line. An alternate hypothesis is that 五 originally resembled an X with a bar on top and a bar on bottom, as in 𠄡. This would have meant five because when counting on a single hand, one first counts to five and then crosses back the other way to ten.

五 五 五 五
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 7 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一木一 (MDM), four-corner 10107)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 86, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 257
  • Dae Jaweon: page 178, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 11, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E94

See alsoEdit


ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *l/b-ŋa (five).

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (五), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 疑古切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋuoX/ /ŋuoX/ /ŋoX/ /ŋuoX/ /ŋɔX/ /ŋuX/ /ŋoX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ nguX › /*C.ŋˤaʔ/ five

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13147 0 /*ŋaːʔ/

NumeralEdit

  1. five

See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​. Wu (mainland China, Taiwan), Ng (Hong Kong)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. five, 5

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • New Nelson: 77
  • Halpern: 3436
  • Halpern Learners: 2142
  • Heisig: 5
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 0a4.27
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

PronunciationEdit

NumberEdit

Japanese cardinal numbers
4 5 6
    Cardinal :

(, go)

  1. five, 5

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji go)

  1. five
  2. a name of a hole of a wind instrument

NounEdit

(hiragana いつ, romaji itsu)

  1. five

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(o)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: o, McCune-Reischauer: o, Yale: o)
  • Name (hangeul): 다섯 (revised: daseot, McCune-Reischauer: tasŏt, Yale: tases)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

MulamEdit

NumeralEdit

(kwən1)

  1. five

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngũ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.