See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
五-bw.png
Stroke order
五-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

One possibility is that 五 was originally written as five horizontal lines, similar to , , , and the obsolete (four), but in common writing the lines would blend together. Thus, two lines were turned vertical and the right one was shortened, to form one stroke with the middle horizontal line. An alternate hypothesis is that 五 originally resembled an X with a bar on top and a bar on bottom, as in 𠄡. This would have meant five because when counting on a single hand, one first counts to five and then crosses back the other way to ten.

五 五 五 五
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 7 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一木一 (MDM), four-corner 10107)

  1. five
  2. used as a surname

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 86, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 257
  • Dae Jaweon: page 178, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 11, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E94

See alsoEdit


CantoneseEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Guangzhou) IPA(key): /ŋ̍¹³/

NumeralEdit

(jyutping and Yale ng5)

  1. five

HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ ńg, Guangdong ng3, Hagfa Pinyim ng3)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. five, 5

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 五節句 (ごせっく, gosekku): the five seasonal festivals of the Japanese calendar
  • 五悪 (goaku): (Buddhism) the Five Evils
  • 五位鷺 (goisagi): night heron
  • 五十歩百歩 (gojippohyappo):
  • 五音音階, 五音々階 (goon'onkai): pentatonic scale
  • 五戒 (gokai): (Buddhism) the Five Precepts
  • 五角形 (gokakkei): pentagon
  • 五官 (gokan):the five sense organs
  • 五感 (gokan): the five senses
  • 五経 (gokyō): (Confucianism) Four Books and Five Classics
  • 五桁 (goketa):
  • 五月 (gogatsu): May
  • 五言絶句 (gogonzekku):
  • 五言律詩 (gogonrisshi):
  • 五更 (gokou):
  • 五行 (gogyō): Wu Xing
  • 五穀 (gokoku):
  • 五彩 (gosai):
  • 五指 (goshi): five fingers
  • 五種競技 (goshukyouki): pentathalon
  • 五重
  • 五旬節 (gojunsetsu):
  • 五書 (gosho):
  • 五女 (gojo):
  • 五常 (gojou): the five Confucian virtues
  • 五情 (gojou): the Five Passions
  • 五色
  • 五人組 (goningumi): Five Households (Edo era civil defence units)
  • 五人囃子 (goninbayashi):
  • 五寸釘 (gosunkugi):
  • 五節 (gosetsu):
  • 五線 (gosen):
  • 五臓 (gozou):
  • 五体 (gotai):
  • 五段 (godan):
  • 五男 (gonan):
  • 五斗米 (gotobei):
  • 五徳 (gotoku):
  • 五倍子 (gobaishi):
  • 五風十雨 (gofuujuuu):
  • 五分
  • 五辺形 (gohengei):
  • 五面体 (gomentai): a pentahedron
  • 五目 (gomoku): mixture
  • 五里霧中 (gorimuchuu): groping in the dark
  • 五稜郭 (goryoukaku): Goryōkaku star-shaped fort in Hakodate
  • 五稜堡 (goryouho):
  • 五倫 (gorin): Gorin, the five Confucian virtues
  • 五輪 (gorin): The Olympics
  • 五芒 (gobou): pentagram
  • 弦楽五重奏 (げんがくごじゅうそう): string quintet

ReferencesEdit

  • New Nelson: 77
  • Halpern: 3436
  • Halpern Learners: 2142
  • Heisig: 5
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 0a4.27
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

PronunciationEdit

NumberEdit

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal :

(, go)

  1. five, 5

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji go)

  1. five
  2. a name of a hole of a wind instrument

NounEdit

(hiragana いつ, romaji itsu)

  1. five

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(o)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: o, McCune-Reischauer: o, Yale: o)
  • Name (hangeul): 다섯 (revised: daseot, McCune-Reischauer: tasŏt, Yale: tases)

MandarinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *l/b-ŋa (five).

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin (wu3), Wade-Giles wu3)

CompoundsEdit

NumeralEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. five

Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ ngóo, gōo)

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngũ)


WuEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Shanghai) IPA(key): /ɦŋ̍²³/
  • (Suzhou) IPA(key): /ŋ̍³¹/

ZhuangEdit

HanziEdit

(haj)

  1. five
Last modified on 31 March 2014, at 03:34