Last modified on 18 December 2014, at 11:03

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 8 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜竹弓 (YHN), four-corner 00217, composition)

  1. high, proud
  2. violent, excessive
  3. skilled
  4. a surname

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 88, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 288
  • Dae Jaweon: page 185, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 280, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4EA2

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (亢), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 唐
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古郎切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑŋ/ /kɑŋ/ /kɑŋ/ /kɑŋ/ /kaŋ/ /kɑŋ/ /kɑŋ/
Character (亢), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 唐
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 苦浪切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑŋH/ /kʰɑŋH/ /kʰɑŋH/ /kʰɑŋH/ /kʰaŋH/ /kʰɑŋH/ /kʰɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gāng ‹ kang › /*k-ŋˤaŋ/ lift high

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7357 0 /*kaːŋ/
7367 0 /*kʰaːŋs/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hang) (hangeul , revised hang, McCune-Reischauer hang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cang, khảng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit