交代

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 3

NounEdit

交代 (hiragana こうたい, romaji kōtai)

  1. relief, alternation

Alternative formsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • 交代 is more commonly used than 交替

Derived termsEdit

  • 交代で (kōtai de): alternately, by turns
  • 交代員 (kōtaiin): shift
  • 交代制 (kōtaisei): shift system
  • 交代トラック (kōtai torakku): alternate track
  • 交代パス (kōtai pasu): alternate path
  • 交代勤務 (kōtai kinmu): shift work
  • 交代作業 (kōtai sagyō): working in shifts
  • 交代操業 (kōtai sōgyō): working in shifts
  • 交代投手 (kōtai tōshu): relief pitcher
  • 核相交代 (kakusō kōtai): alternation of nuclear phases
  • 勤務交代 (kinmu kōtai): change of shifts
  • 参覲交代 (sankin-kōtai): official attendance service
  • 参勤交代 (sankin-kōtai): daimyo's alternating Edo residence
  • 新旧交代 (shinkyū kōtai): replacing the old with the new
  • 政権交代 (seiken kōtai): change of government, regime change
  • 世代交代 (sedai kōtai): alternation of generations
  • 超越交代 (chōetsu kōtai): passage of lines
  • 物質交代 (busshitsu kōtai): substance metabolism
  • エネルギー交代 (enerugī kōtai): energy metabolism
  • リーダー交代 (rīdā kōtai): leadership change

VerbEdit

交代 + する (hiragana こうたいする, romaji kōtai suru)

  1. relieve, relieve a person, take turns, alternate

ConjugationEdit


MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin jiāodài
Zhuyin ㄐㄧㄠ ㄉㄞˋ
IPA (key) /t͡ɕi̯ɑʊ̯⁵⁵ taɪ̯⁵¹/
Audio
(file)

VerbEdit

交代 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin jiāodài)

  1. hand over
  2. order
  3. explain

ReferencesEdit

  • 2005, 景荣 (ed.) 吴, 新时代汉英大词典(缩印本) (in Mandarin/English), 北京: 商务印书馆出版, ISBN 710004345X:
Last modified on 9 April 2014, at 11:57