Last modified on 1 July 2014, at 22:42

人民

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (人民, reconstructed)
Character (人), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 如鄰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪn/ /ȵʑi̯ĕn/ /ȵiĕn/ /ȵin/ /ȵin/ /ȵʑĭĕn/ /ȵʑjen/
Character (民), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 彌鄰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/miɪn/ /mi̯ĕn/ /miĕn/ /min/ /min/ /mĭĕn/ /mjen/
Old Chinese pronunciation (人民, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
rén ‹ nyin › /*ni[ŋ]/ (other) person
mín ‹ mjin › /*mi[ŋ]/ people

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10800 1 /*njin/
9130 1 /*min/

NounEdit

人民

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) people

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (人民):


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
じん
Grade: 1
みん
Grade: 4
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese compound 人民 (*njin *min). Compare modern Mandarin 人民 (rénmín), Wu 人民 (zen min (T3)), Min Nan 人民 (jîn-bîn).

Formerly pronounced with a consistent goon reading of ninmin, later changing to a mixed kan'on / goon reading of jinmin.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

人民 (hiragana じんみん, romaji jinmin)

  1. the people, the general public, the citizens

Derived termsEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this word

HanjaEdit

人民 (inmin) (hangeul 인민, revised inmin, McCune-Reischauer inmin, Yale inmin)

  1. the people (of a country), citizens

Derived termsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

人民

  1. Hán tự form of nhân dân, "people"