Last modified on 11 September 2014, at 12:40
See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + 

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人戈弓戈 (OINI), four-corner 80307, composition)

  1. command, order
  2. 'commandant', magistrate
  3. allow, cause

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 93, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 387
  • Dae Jaweon: page 198, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 111, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+4EE4

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (令), Pronunciation 1/5

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 力延切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liᴇn/ /li̯ɛn/ /liɛn/ /liɛn/ /lian/ /lĭɛn/ /ljæn/
Character (令), Pronunciation 2/5

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 清
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 呂貞切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liᴇŋ/ /li̯ɛŋ/ /liɛŋ/ /liɛŋ/ /liajŋ/ /lĭɛŋ/ /liæŋ/
Character (令), Pronunciation 3/5

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 郎丁切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/leŋ/ /lieŋ/ /leŋ/ /leŋ/ /lɛjŋ/ /lieŋ/ /lɛŋ/
Character (令), Pronunciation 4/5

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 清
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 力政切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liᴇŋH/ /li̯ɛŋH/ /liɛŋH/ /liɛŋH/ /liajŋH/ /lĭɛŋH/ /liæŋH/
Character (令), Pronunciation 5/5

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 郎定切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/leŋH/ /lieŋH/ /leŋH/ /leŋH/ /lɛjŋH/ /lieŋH/ /lɛŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
líng ‹ leng › /*[r]ˤiŋ/ 脊令 tsjek.leng (a kind of water bird)
líng ‹ ljeng › /*riŋ/ send (a person)
lìng ‹ ljengH › /*riŋ-s/ issue a command

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8271 2 /*ren/
8277 0 /*reŋ/
8284 0 /*reŋs/
8306 0 /*reːŋ/
8332 0 /*reːŋs/

NounEdit

  1. (archaic) governor of a county

ReferencesEdit

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ryeong) (hangeul , revised ryeong, McCune-Reischauer ryŏng, Yale ryeng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lệnh, lanh, lành, lênh, lình, liệng, lịnh, loanh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit