Last modified on 24 July 2014, at 14:01

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
以-bw.png
Stroke order
以-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Originally , a deformed version of . 以 is a further deformation of 厶 with the addition of "person" on the right side.

以 以 以 以
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 女戈人 (VIO), four-corner 28100)

  1. by means of
  2. thereby, therefore
  3. consider as
  4. in order to

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 94, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 388
  • Dae Jaweon: page 199, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 105, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+4EE5

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (以), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 羊己切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨX/ /iX/ /iəX/ /jɨX/ /jɨX/ /jĭəX/ /ieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yiX › /*ləʔ/ take, use
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14929 0 /*lɯʔ/

AdverbEdit

  1. according to; so as to; in order to; by; with; because

VerbEdit

  1. to use

Proper nounEdit

  1. Abbreviation of 以色列.

CompoundsEdit

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PhrasesEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(i) (hangeul , revised i, McCune-Reischauer i)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

()

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ReferencesEdit