TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

EtymologyEdit

In its traditional sense ("inferior") — Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (person) + phonetic 

As a simplification of ("body") — Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (person) +  (basis)

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人木一 (ODM), four-corner 25230, composition)

  1. body (as simplification of 體)
  2. group, class, body, unit (as simplification of 體)
  3. inferior (as traditional 体)

Usage notesEdit

Readings as traditional 体 (inferior):

  • ban6 (Cantonese), bèn (Mandarin), bun (Korean), or hon (Japanese).

Readings as simplification of 體 (body, group):

  • Cantonese tai2, Mandarin and , Korean che, Japanese tei and tai, and Vietnamese thể.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 98, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 509
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 130, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4F53

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(traditional , Jyutping ban6, tai2, Yale ban6, tai2)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. body

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana からだ, romaji karada)

  1. body
  2. health

(hiragana たい, romaji tai)

  1. body
  2. form

Derived termsEdit

  • 体付き
  • 体良く

SuffixEdit

(hiragana たい, romaji -tai)

  1. body, group

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(bun, che)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): [[, ]] (revised: bun, che, McCune-Reischauer: pun, ch'e, Yale: pun, chey)
  • Name (hangeul): [[용렬하다, ]] (revised: yongnyeolhada, mom, McCune-Reischauer: yongnyŏrhada, mom, Yale: yonglyelhada, mom)
  1. mediocre (분)
  2. rough
  3. pallbearer
  4. body (체)
  5. personally
  6. shape
  7. root
  8. formality
  9. matter
  10. object
  11. handwriting
  12. style
  13. experience
  14. get by experience
  15. acknowledge
  16. think

MandarinEdit

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(traditional , Pinyin (ti3), bèn (ben4), (ti1), Wade-Giles t'i3)

CompoundsEdit

  • 体力劳动
  • 体例
  • 体谅
  • 体貌
  • 体面
  • 体念
  • 体膨胀
  • 体魄
  • 体腔
  • 体式
  • 体态
  • 体坛
  • 体贴

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thể)

Last modified on 9 April 2014, at 12:00