Last modified on 9 March 2015, at 20:44

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (person) + phonetic  – customs of people.

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人金人口 (OCOR), four-corner 28268, composition)

  1. social customs
  2. vulgar, unrefined

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 105, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 695
  • Dae Jaweon: page 221, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 163, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+4FD7

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (俗), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 邪 (17)
Final: 燭
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 似足切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/zɨok̚/ /zi̯wok̚/ /ziok̚/ /ziok̚/ /zuawk̚/ /zĭwok̚/ /ziok̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ zjowk › /*s-[ɢ]ok/ ways, customs; vulgar

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4302 0 /*ljoɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Min Nan) cheap; inexpensive

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Adjectival nounEdit

(-na inflection, hiragana ぞく, romaji zoku)

  1. worldly
  2. vulgar
  3. common, lay
     (ぞく) ()
    zoku ni iu
    what is commonly referred to as
     (ぞく) ()えば
    zoku ni ieba
    to use a common phrase

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ぞく, romaji zoku)

  1. worldliness
  2. vulgarity
  3. the laity, mundane things, common man
  4. customs

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sok) (hangeul , revised sok, McCune-Reischauer sok, Yale sok)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tục)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.