TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note difference between Chinese form, which uses , and Japanese shinjitai which uses .

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (person) + phonetic  – a kind of person (a Buddhist monk).

Japanese shinjitai form rather  + .

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +12, 14 strokes, cangjie input 人金田日 (OCWA), four-corner 28266, composition)

  1. Buddhist priest, monk
  2. san of Sanskrit sangha

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 117, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1076
  • Dae Jaweon: page 248, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 222, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+50E7

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping zang1, sang1, Yale jang1, sang1)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 僧位
  • 僧伽
  • 僧家
  • 僧形
  • 僧綱
  • 僧号
  • 僧寺
  • 僧職
  • 僧籍
  • 僧堂
  • 僧尼
  • 僧帽弁

NounEdit

(hiragana そう, romaji )

  1. a (Buddhist) priest, bonze

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(seung) (hangeul [[]], revised seung, McCune-Reischauer sŭng)


MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin sēng (seng1), Wade-Giles seng1)

CompoundsEdit

  • 僧道
  • 僧多粥少
  • 僧侣
  • 僧侣主义
  • 僧尼
  • 僧人
  • 僧俗
  • 僧徒
  • 僧院
  • 僧众

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tăng)

Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 16:41