Last modified on 6 June 2014, at 08:31

See also:

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note the compositional differences between traditional, simplified, and Japanese shinjitai in the placement of the additional stroke.

Han characterEdit

(radical 18 +1, 3 strokes, cangjie input 尸竹戈 (SHI), four-corner 17420, composition丿)

  1. edged tool, cutlery, blade, knife edge

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 136, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1850
  • Dae Jaweon: page 304, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 320, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5203

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping jan6, Yale yan6)

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JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Japanese. Likely cognate with Korean (nal, blade).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji na)

  1. (obsolete) a blade, an edge
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 4, poem #616)
      剣大刀 惜雲 吾者無 君尓不相而 年之経去礼者
      つるぎたち のをしけくも われはなし きみにあはずて としのへぬれば
      tsurugi tachi na no oshikeku mo ware wa nashi kimi ni awazute toshi no enureba
      [Note: tsurugi tachi "swords" is a pillow word establishing a poetic association with the following na which simultaneously means both "name" and "blade", both of which share the same pronunciation.]
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Japanese, cognate with (ha, tooth).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ha)

  1. an edge, a blade
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Originally a compound of 焼き (yaki, burned, fired) +‎ (ha, edge, blade). The ha changes to ba due to rendaku (連濁).

/jaki/ + /ha/ > /jakiba/ > /jaiba/

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana やいば, romaji yaiba)

  1. a forged blade, such as a sword
  2. the wavy pattern formed in the metal on the surface of a forged blade
  3. a sword or similar edged weapon
  4. something sharp like a sword
  5. someone or something powerful

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(in) (hangeul , revised in, McCune-Reischauer in)

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MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin rèn (ren4), Wade-Giles jen4)

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CompoundsEdit


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(njìn)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhận, nhẫn, nhấn)

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