- time (to do something); synonym for 工夫
- 我沒有功夫。 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
- 我没有功夫。 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
- Wǒ méiyǒu gōngfu. [Pinyin]
- I have no time. ( I am busy )
- He climbed up a tall tree in no time.
- efforts (devoted to a task)
- 要花很大的功夫才行。 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]
- Yào huā hěn dà de gōngfu cái xíng. [Pinyin]
- It won't work unless one expends great effort.
- accomplishments, achievement
- skill; art; workmanship (especially Chinese martial arts)
- 那個演員念臺詞的功夫不錯。 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
- 那个演员念台词的功夫不错。 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
- Nà ge yǎnyuán niàn táicí de gōngfu bùcuò. [Pinyin]
- That actor's skill at reading his lines is not too shabby.
- kung fu (Chinese Martial art)
- 武術／武术 (wǔshù) (Chinese martial art, wushu)
- 工夫 (gōngfū)
- Originaly, kung fu was refering to any skill learned through great effort. But it have been used by the Occident to refer to Chinese martial art, called 武術／武术 (wǔshù) in Chinese. It is used by Chinese to refer to martial arts only since the late twentieth century.
- 2012, Peter Lorge, Chinese Martial Arts From Antiquity to the Twenty-First Century, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0521878814: