Last modified on 17 December 2014, at 04:12

See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (strong) – to work hard, to be diligent.

Han characterEdit

(radical 19 +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿一大尸 (TMKS), four-corner 44127, composition)

  1. industrious, diligent, attentive

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 149, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2415
  • Dae Jaweon: page 336, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 378, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+52E4

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (勤), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 欣
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 巨斤切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨn/ /gi̯ən/ /ɡiən/ /ɡɨn/ /gɨn/ /ɡĭən/ /ɡiən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qín ‹ gj+n › /*[g]əәr/ toil, diligent, devoted

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6749 1 /*ɡɯn/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana つとむ, romaji Tsutomu)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(geun) (hangeul , revised geun, McCune-Reischauer kŭn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cần, cùn)

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