Last modified on 2 August 2014, at 23:06



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Empress Michiko on the right, wearing jūni-hitoe on her wedding day in 1959
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Compound of 十二 (jūni, twelve) +‎ (hitoe, unlined or single-layer robe).


  • IPA(key): [d͡ʑʲɯᵝːni çito̞e̞]

Alternative formsEdit


十二単 (hiragana じゅうにひとえ, romaji jūni-hitoe)

  1. (clothing) a ceremonial twelve-layered robe worn by women of the imperial court, consisting of twelve single-layer unlined robes worn one over the other
    This style became fashionable some time in the tenth century during the Heian period. Starting from the Muromachi period, the term jūni-hitoe was also used in the popular culture to refer to the five-layer 五重唐衣裳 (goe-karaginumo) style.
  2. (botany) Ajuga nipponensis, a perennial plant in the mint family and native to Japan
    Members of this genus are also known as bugleweed, ground pine, carpet bugle, or just bugle. As with many biological terms, this is often written in katakana, as ジュウニヒトエ.

Related termsEdit