Last modified on 29 July 2014, at 14:03

See also: , , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
千-order.gif
Stroke order
千-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Ideogram (指事) 千 is a pictograph of a person (compare the form of used in combinations, ) with a line drawn near shin to indicate an extension (see the etymologies of and ). 千 has the meaning one thousand because one thousand is a number that is reached by extending one's counting.

Han characterEdit

(radical 24 +1, 3 strokes, cangjie input 竹十 (HJ), four-corner 20400, composition丿)

  1. thousand
  2. many, numerous
  3. very

See alsoEdit

  • Chinese Numeral
    Last: ; Next: , .

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 155, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2697
  • Dae Jaweon: page 351, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 59, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5343

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (千), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 蒼先切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰen/ /t͡sʰien/ /t͡sʰen/ /t͡sʰen/ /t͡sʰɛn/ /t͡sʰien/ /t͡sʰɛn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qiān ‹ tshen › /*s.n̥ ˤi[ŋ]/ thousand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10792 1 /*sn̥ʰiːn/ 小徐人聲,甲文乃借人加一

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji chi)

  1. thousand

NumberEdit

(hiragana せん, romaji sen)

  1. thousand

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(cheon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: cheon, McCune-Reischauer: ch'ŏn)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thiên)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.