Last modified on 5 November 2014, at 02:05
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 24 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人心十 (OPJ), composition)

  1. flowery
  2. illustrious
  3. Chinese

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (華), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸花切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣua/ /ɣwa/ /ɣua/ /ɦʷɯa/ /ɦwaɨ/ /ɣwa/ /ɣua/
Character (華), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 呼瓜切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɣua/ /xwa/ /xua/ /hʷɯa/ /hwaɨ/ /xwa/ /xua/
Character (華), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 胡化切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣuaH/ /ɣwaH/ /ɣuaH/ /ɦʷɯaH/ /ɦwaɨH/ /ɣwaH/ /ɣuaH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huā ‹ xwae › /*qʷʰˤra/ flower (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5308 0 /*qʰʷraː/

Usage notesEdit

The "huà" reading is only in the surname 华 and name of Mount Huashan in Shaanxi Province. The "huā" reading is only used in the ancient usage meaning that is the same as .

CompoundsEdit