Last modified on 18 July 2014, at 08:55
See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
及-bw.png
Stroke order
及-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a hand (, roughly , ) grabbing a person . The hand has developed into the ㄋ at right.

Unrelated to graphically similar .

Han characterEdit

(radical 29 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 弓竹水 (NHE), four-corner 17247)

  1. extend
  2. reach
  3. come up to
  4. and

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 165, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3118
  • Dae Jaweon: page 374, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 35, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+53CA

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (及), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 緝
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 其立切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɪp̚/ /gi̯əp̚/ /ɡiəp̚/ /ɡip̚/ /gip̚/ /ɡĭĕp̚/ /ɡjep̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ gip › /*m-k-rəp {*[m-k-]rəp}/ reach
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5664 1 /*ɡrɯb/

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(geup) (hangeul , revised geup, McCune-Reischauer kŭp)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cập, cập, gặp, kíp, kịp, vập, cầm, chắp, cúp, gấp, quắp, quặp)

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