Last modified on 17 December 2014, at 05:37

See also: , , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
同-order.gif
Stroke order
同-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意): 𠔼 (twice) +  (mouth) together.

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 月一口 (BMR), four-corner 77220, composition)

  1. same, similar
  2. together with

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 175, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3294
  • Dae Jaweon: page 389, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 578, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+540C

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad. 同/

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (同), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 東
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 徒紅切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/duŋ/ /dʱuŋ/ /duŋ/ /duŋ/ /dəwŋ/ /duŋ/ /duŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tóng ‹ duwng › /*lˤoŋ/ together, join

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12446 0 /*doːŋ/ 甲金文象有節筒管與口協合,如此方能音律諧和,爲筒(簫)初文

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

PrefixEdit

(hiragana どう, romaji dō-)

  1. same, similar
  2. together with

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(dong) (hangeul , revised dong, McCune-Reischauer tong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đồng), đùng, đang

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999