|simpl. and trad.|
- Cantonese (Jyutping): ming4 jan4
- Hakka (Pha̍k-fa-sṳ): miàng-ngìn
- Min Nan (POJ): bêng-jîn
- Min Nan
|Kanji in this term|
- (historical) A title held by the strongest go player in Japan.
- A Japanese go tournament, and the title conferred to its winner.
- A Japanese shogi tournament, and the title conferred to its winner.
- 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.