Last modified on 21 December 2014, at 04:39

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜口竹女 (YRHV), four-corner 00732, composition)

  1. sad, mournful, pitiful
  2. pity

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 188, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3580
  • Dae Jaweon: page 407, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 620, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+54C0

ChineseEdit

 
sorrow; grief; pity; to grieve for; to pity; to lament
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (哀), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 烏開切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔʌi/ /ʔɑ̆i/ /ʔᴀi/ /ʔəi/ /ʔəj/ /ɒi/ /ʔɒi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
āi ‹ 'oj › /*ʔˤəәj/ to pity; sad

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14835 1 /*qɯːl/

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ae) (hangeul , revised ae, McCune-Reischauer ae)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ai)

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