Last modified on 17 December 2014, at 06:22

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a net to catch animals. The two boxes at the top are weights, the middle section is the net, the bottom is the rope.

Graphically,  + 𠦆.

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 口口田十 (RRWJ), four-corner 66506, composition)

  1. single, individual, only
  2. lone
  3. a surname
  4. numerary adjunct for legal case (Cantonese)

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • (in some characters, such as 战)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 200, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3993
  • Dae Jaweon: page 422, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 654, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+55AE

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (單), Pronunciation 1/4

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 都寒切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑn/ /tɑn/ /tɑn/ /tɑn/ /tan/ /tɑn/ /tɑn/
Character (單), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 市連切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiᴇn/ /ʑi̯ɛn/ /ʑiɛn/ /d͡ʑiɛn/ /d͡ʑian/ /ʑĭɛn/ /d͡ʑjæn/
Character (單), Pronunciation 3/4

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 常演切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiᴇnX/ /ʑi̯ɛnX/ /ʑiɛnX/ /d͡ʑiɛnX/ /d͡ʑianX/ /ʑĭɛnX/ /d͡ʑjænX/
Character (單), Pronunciation 4/4

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 時戰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiᴇnH/ /ʑi̯ɛnH/ /ʑiɛnH/ /d͡ʑiɛnH/ /d͡ʑianH/ /ʑĭɛnH/ /d͡ʑjænH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chán ‹ dzyen › /*dar (< *[d]ar)/ 單于 chányú: Xiōngnú ruler (W. Hàn)
dān ‹ tan › /*Cəә.tˤar/ single, simple

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1995 1 /*taːn/
2027 1 /*djan/
2035 1 /*djanʔ/
2037 1 /*djans/

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(dan, seon) (hangeul , , revised dan, seon, McCune-Reischauer tan, sŏn, Yale tan, sen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đơn, đan, thiền, truyên)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit