Last modified on 18 May 2015, at 08:40

嚴肅

ChineseEdit

 
(air or water) tight; stern; serious; strict; severe
Gansu; respectful
trad. (嚴肅)
simp. (严肃)

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (嚴肅, reconstructed)
Character (嚴), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 嚴
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 語𩏩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨɐm/ /ŋi̯ɐm/ /ŋiɐm/ /ŋiɐm/ /ŋɨam/ /ŋĭɐm/ /ŋiɐm/
Character (肅), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 屋
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 息逐切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɨuk̚/ /si̯uk̚/ /siuk̚/ /siuk̚/ /suwk̚/ /sĭuk̚/ /siuk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (嚴肅, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yán ‹ ngjæm › /*ŋ(r)am/ stern, majestic
‹ sjuwk › /*siwk/ solemn, severe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3692 1 /*ŋam/
12125 2 /*sɯwɢ/

AdjectiveEdit

嚴肅

  1. serious
  2. solemn