From Middle Chinese compound 國學 (kwok hæwk, “nation + learning”). Compare modern simplified Mandarin 国学 (guóxué).
国学 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 國學, hiragana こくがく, romaji kokugaku)
- The study of ancient Japan, particularly the early Japanese classics, such as the Nihon Shoki and the Kojiki. Arose during the Edo period as a move away from the study of China.
- Note that this term means sinology in Chinese contexts.
- Schools established in the kuni or provinces of Japan under the old Ritsuryō system.
- In ancient China, schools established in the national capital.
- ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3